What is Ethical Hacking? How to Become an Ethical Hacker?

In the dynamic landscape of the digital world, data is the new gold, and information is power. As our dependency on the digital realm deepens, so does the complexity of threats lurking in the shadows of cyberspace. Cyber threats and data breaches are rising, causing immense losses to businesses and individuals alike. To combat these digital threats, a breed of professionals has emerged who use their skills to safeguard data rather than exploit it. These are the ethical hackers, the digital knights of our era.

Ethical hacking, sometimes called ‘white hat’ hacking, is a fascinating field that employs tactics used by malicious hackers but lawfully and legitimately. These professionals are the unseen sentinels, tirelessly working behind the scenes to ensure data security and integrity. Their role is crucial in identifying and rectifying vulnerabilities before they can be exploited, making them an invaluable asset to any organization in this data-driven world.

But what does it really mean to be an ethical hacker? And how can you pursue a career in ethical hacking? Throughout this blog, we’ll delve into the concept of ethical hacking, its importance, and how you can get on the right path to becoming an ethical hacker.

Understanding Ethical Hacking

To fully appreciate the significance of ethical hacking, one must first understand what it entails. Ethical hacking refers to deliberately probing systems, networks, or web applications for vulnerabilities that could potentially be exploited by malicious hackers, also known as ‘black hats.’ However, unlike their counterparts, ethical hackers employ these tactics for security enhancement, operating within legal boundaries and with the necessary permissions to identify and rectify vulnerabilities.

The ethical hacker, often called a ‘white hat’ hacker, is the digital equivalent of a security auditor. These professionals operate on the principle of ‘to catch a thief, think like a thief,’ using similar tools and techniques as malicious hackers but in a constructive, legal manner. They aim to discover system vulnerabilities before they can be exploited maliciously, testing the organization’s defense mechanisms and proposing improvements.

At the heart of ethical hacking lies a balance. Ethical hackers distinguish between the right and wrong use of their abilities. They have a code of ethics guiding their actions, ensuring they work in the best interests of the entities they serve, maintain confidentiality, and respect the data they handle.

The Importance of Ethical Hacking

In the face of escalating cyber threats, the significance of ethical hacking has never been more pronounced. Cybercriminals continually devise sophisticated strategies, and standard defensive measures often fall short. That’s where ethical hackers step in. By preemptively discovering and addressing vulnerabilities, they ensure that an organization’s data and systems remain secure.

Think of an ethical hacker as your very own digital Sherlock Holmes. They look for clues, follow trails, and decipher patterns to uncover vulnerabilities that could lead to data breaches, unauthorized access, or other malicious activities. Ethical hackers provide a fresh, preemptive perspective on cyber security by putting themselves in the shoes of a cyber-criminal.

There are numerous instances where ethical hackers have averted potential disasters. For example, in 2018, ethical hackers discovered a bug in Twitter’s account management system that could have been exploited to take control of user accounts. Their timely intervention saved millions of users from potential data breaches and identity theft.

Moreover, ethical hacking extends beyond just protection against cyber threats. It also plays a critical role in an organization’s reputation management. A data breach can devastate a company’s brand image and customer trust. Ethical hackers indirectly maintain a company’s reputation by ensuring data security.

The Path to Becoming an Ethical Hacker

Embarking on a journey to become an ethical hacker requires a combination of the right skills, a solid moral foundation, and a drive to stay ahead of the curve. Here are the steps you need to take to venture into this exciting field:

  1. Build a Strong Foundation.

The initial phase of becoming an ethical hacker involves a robust understanding of computer systems, networks, and programming languages. A background in Computer Science or Information Technology can be particularly beneficial. However, this is optional, and a solid determination to learn can compensate for lack of initial technical knowledge.

  • Specialize in Cyber Security.

Next, you need to delve into the realm of cyber security, understanding various threats, vulnerabilities, attack vectors, and defensive measures. Cyber security courses, available online and in traditional classroom formats, can equip you with theoretical and practical knowledge.

Numerous cyber security courses are available, covering a wide range of topics. Look for comprehensive programs that provide a deep understanding of various aspects of ethical hacking, such as system hacking, malware threats, sniffing, social engineering, and more. The proper course can give you a well-rounded understanding of the cyber landscape and how to defend against threats.

  • Earn Relevant Certifications.

Once you’ve acquired the necessary knowledge, it’s time to validate your skills through certifications. Certifications such as the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP), and CompTIA Security+ are recognized worldwide and add credibility to your professional profile.

  • Gain Practical Experience.

Lastly, nothing beats hands-on experience when it comes to honing your skills. Look for internships, participate in cybersecurity drills, or join Capture The Flag (CTF) events. These opportunities allow you to apply your learned skills in practical scenarios and prepare for real-world challenges in the field.


The advent of the digital age has brought the double-edged sword of connectivity and vulnerability. As we become more interconnected, the risks of cyber threats escalate, making the role of ethical hackers more crucial than ever. Ethical hackers are the vanguards of our digital world, operating behind the scenes to safeguard our data and digital infrastructure.

Becoming an ethical hacker requires a unique blend of technical skills, creativity, and a solid ethical framework. It involves building a robust computer systems and networks foundation, specializing in cyber security, earning reputable certifications, and gaining practical experience.

Embarking on a career in ethical hacking is not just a professional choice; it’s a commitment to safeguarding the digital world. It’s about leveraging your skills to combat cyber threats and ensure that the digital space remains safe and secure for everyone. So, if you’re interested and willing to put in the effort, there’s no better time to dive into a cyber security course and start your journey in the exciting world of ethical hacking. Ultimately, the journey to becoming an ethical hacker may be challenging, but it’s equally rewarding and fulfilling.

Author Bio

Kanchanapally Swapnil Raju is a Technical Content Strategist at Great Learning who plans and constantly writes on cutting-edge technologies like Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, and Cloud Computing. He has in-hand skills in MEAN Stack development and programming languages such as C, C++, and Java. He is a perpetual learner and has a hunger to explore new technologies, enhance writing skills, and guide others.